A Bag-of-Features Approach to Acoustic Event Detection

Axel Plinge, Rene Grzeszick and Gernot A. Fink
Proc. Int. Conf. on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 2014.

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The classification of acoustic events in indoor environments is an important task for many practical applications in smart environments. In this paper a novel approach for classifying acoustic events that is based on a Bag-of-Features approach is proposed. Mel and gammatone frequency cepstral coefficients that originate from psychoacoustic models are used as input features for the Bag-of representation. Rather than using a prior classification or segmentation step to eliminate silence and background noise, Bag-of-Features representations are learned for a background class. Supervised learning of codebooks and temporal coding are shown to improve the recognition rates. Three different databases are used for the experiments: the CLEAR sound event dataset, the D-CASE event dataset and a new set of smart room recordings.